Perennial Nectar Plants
Most butterflies enjoy nectar from a wide range of flowers. Below are a few of their favorite perennials, plants that are winter hardy and return each year.
The following plants are hardy in northern Illinois.
Click on the images for more information about each plant.
You may also download a PDF with a list of perennial and annual nectar plants
by clicking here.
Host plant for crescentspot butterflies.
northern Illinois. Many new varieties are sterile, so noninvasive.
They prefer full sun (6+ hours); some varieties may tolerate as little as 4 hours of sun.
Height ranges from 1' - 5', depending on species and cultivar.
The flowers are generally yellow, some with accents of red; cultivars range in color from the expected yellow as well as peach, pink to cherry red.
Height ranges with species from 1' – 9'.
!!! Not all cultivars are hardy in northern Illinois. !!!
from 18'' - 7'. Cultivars stay more contained than native species.